A Brief of Kemangi Plant

"Kemangi is still in the same family as mint leaves. kemangi is one of the most widely distributed species of the basil family in the world."

Published by : Kurnia HD  -  21/07/2021 11:25 WIB

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During our lunch with grilled chicken or fried chicken, we often find kemangi leaves as a complement or salad. The leaves, which are still in the same family with mint leaves, are indeed one of the most popular fresh vegetables in Indonesia. Apart from being fresh, kemangi also has many health benefits.

Image source: www.jpnn.com

Kemangi (lemon basil, Ocinum sanctum), is a plant native to India and spread throughout the world. Kemangi is known by various names around the world. In Thailand, it is known as manglak. British people said kemangi as basil (though it’s different). Kemangi is also known by various names in Indonesia, including lampes or surawung (Sunda), kemangi or kemangen (Java), kemanghi (Madura), uku-uku (Bali).

Kemangi Classification

Kingdom              : Plantae

Sub kingdom      : Tracheobionta

Superdivision     : Spermatophyta

Division                : Magnoliophyta

Class                      : Magnoliopsida

Subclass               : Asteridae

Order                    : Lamiales

Family                   : Lamiaceae

Genus                   : Ocimum

Species                 : basilicum

Binomial name  : Ocimum basilicum

Image source: balifactualnews.com

A Brief of Kemangi Plant

A kemangi plant has a characteristically fine hairs on its stem. The color of the stems varies, from green to purplish green. Likewise, the stems, vary depending on the type, some are rectangular, round, to grooved.

Kemangi flowers usually grow in clusters with a flower length of about 5-7 mm. The flowers are white and fragrant. Generally, kemangi flowers grow at the tip of the stem but not infrequently also grow on the stem.

Kemangi leaves are oval to oblong in shape. Generally, kemangi leaves are green but there are also kemangi leaves that are purple to brownish. Just like the stem, kemangi leaves are also covered with fine hairs. The length of the leaves is about 2.5 – 7.5 cm, the width is approximately 1 – 2.5 cm.

Kemangi has round seeds with a size of approximately 0.1 mm each. Kemangi seeds are brown with a weight of approximately 0.026 g per 100 grains.